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Article-a-Day #109: Equal Justice Initiative-November 9, 1866 the Texas Legislature Authorizes Leasing of County Jail Inmates for Profit

The Thirteenth Amendment, ratified in December 1865, was then and is still today celebrated as the legislative act that ended American slavery. However, the amendment’s text includes an exception: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”