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Article-a-Day #16: How Stuff Works-Penn Center: A Little-known Haven of the Civil Rights Movement

Established six months before President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation and three years before the 13th amendment legally abolished slavery, the Penn School was founded in 1862 by Pennsylvania Quaker and Unitarian missionaries as a main component of the Port Royal Experiment, an early example of Reconstruction in progress, even as the Civil War raged into the spring of 1865. Financed from donations raised by abolitionists, Penn (named after Quaker activist William Penn) was the first school founded in a Confederate state for the sole purpose of educating ex-slaves.